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Weather References

Alberta Forest Service. 1985. Fire weather notes for slash burning. Alberta Forest Service. Edmonton, AB.

Andrews, Patricia L. 2012. Modeling Wind Adjustment Factor and Midflame Wind Speed for Rothermel’s Surface Fire Spread Model. General Technical Report RMRS-GTR-266. Fort Collins, CO. USDA Forest Service. Rocky Mountain Research Station. 39p.

Bishop, Jim 2007. Technical background of the FireLine Assessment MEthod (FLAME). In: Butler, Bret W.; Cook, Wayne, comps. The fire environment--innovations, management, and policy; conference proceedings. 26-30 March 2007; Destin, FL. Proceedings RMRS-P-46CD. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. CD-ROM. p. 27-74

Lawson, B.D.; Armitage, O.B. 2008. Weather guide for the Canadian Forest Fire Danger Rating System. Nat. Resour. Can., Can. For. Serv., North. For. Cent., Edmonton, AB. 

Haines, D.A. 1988. A lower atmospheric severity index for wildland fire. National Weather Digest. Vol 13. No. 2:23-27.

Latham, Don J. and Rothermel, Richard C. Probability of Fire-Stopping Precipitation Events; 1993; USDA Forest Service, Research Note INT-410; 8p.

Remote Sensing/Fire Weather Support Unit. 2014. Interagency Wildland Fire Weather Station Standards & Guidelines. National Wildfire Coordinating Group. PMS 426-3

Schroeder, Mark J. and Buck, Charles C., 1970.  Fire Weather: A Guide For Application of Meteorological Information to Forest Fire Control Operations, USDA Forest Service Agricultural Handbook 360, pp. 85-126.

Seager, R., A. Hooks, A. Williams, B. Cook, J. Nakamura, and N. Henderson, 2015. Climatology, Variability, and Trends in the U.S. Vapor Pressure Deficit, an Important Fire-Related Meteorological Quantity. J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 54, 1121–1141, doi: 10.1175/JAMC-D-14-0321.1. 

Simard, A.J. 1971. Calibration of Surface Wind Speed Observations in Canada. Information Report FF-X-30. Forest Fire Research Institute. Ottawa, Ontario.

Werth, Paul and Ochoa, Richard; The Haines Index and Idaho Wildfire Growth; 1990; Fire Management Notes; 51-4.

Werth, John and Werth, Paul; Haines Index Climatology for the Western United States; 1997; NOAA National Weather Service Western Region Technical Attachment No. 97-17.

Werth, Paul A.; Potter, Brian E.; Clements, Craig B.; Finney, Mark A.; Goodrick, Scott L.; Alexander, Martin E.; Cruz, Miguel G.; Forthofer, Jason A.; McAllister, Sara S. 2011. Synthesis of knowledge of extreme fire behavior: volume I for fire managers. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-854. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 144 p.

Whiteman, C. David. 2000.  Mountain Meteorology:  Fundamentals and Applications, Oxford University Press, pp. 141-199, 306-307.