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Fuel Moisture References

Useful Online Resources

Publications

Agee, James K, Wright, Clinton S.  Williamson, Nathan, and Huff, Mark H.; Foliar Moisture Content of Pacific Northwest Vegetation and its Relation to Wildland Fire Behavior; 2002; Forest Ecology and Management; 167: 57-66.

Burgan, R.E. 1979. Estimating live fuel moisture for the 1978 National Fire Danger Rating System—1978. USDA Forest Service. Research Paper INT-226. 16p

Burgan, R.E.; Hartford, R.A. 1993. Monitoring vegetation greenness with satellite data. United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, General Technical Report INT-297, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Ogden, Utah. 13 pages.

Burgan, Robert E.; Hartford, Roberta A.; Eidenshink, Jeffery C. 1996. Using NDVI to assess departure from average greenness and its relation to fire business.  Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-GTR-333. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. 8 p.

Fosberg, M. A., and J. E. Deeming. 1971. Derivation of the 1- and 10-hour timelag fuel moisture calculations for fire-danger rating. Research Note RM-207. Fort Collins, CO, USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station.

Hirsch, Kelvin G.; Canadian Forest Fire Behavior Prediction (FBP) System: User’s Guide; 1996; Canadian Forest Service Special Report 7; 122p.

Jolly, William M., Nemani, R. and Running, S.W. 2005. A generalized, bioclimatic index to predict foliar phenology in response to climate. Global Change Biology 11(4):619 – 632. 

Jolly, W. Matt; Hadlow, Ann M.; Huguet, Kathleen. 2014. De-coupling seasonal changes in water content and dry matter to predict live conifer foliar moisture content. International Journal of Wildland Fire. 23(4): 480-489.

Jolly, W. Matt, Hintz, J., Kropp, R., and Conrad, E. 2014. Physiological drivers of the live foliar moisture content ‘spring dip’ in Pinus resinosa and Pinus banksiana and their relationship to foliar flammability. In Proceedings of VII International Conference on Forest Fire Research. 9p.

Jolly, W.M. 2016. Development of fine dead fuel moisture field references for the Southeastern United States: SimpleFFMC. USDA Forest Service RMRS Fire Sciences Laboratory.

Nelson R.M., Jr. 2000. Prediction of diurnal change in 10-h fuel stick moisture content. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 30(7):1071–1087.

Norum, Rodney A.; Miller, Melanie.  1984.  Measuring fuel moisture content in Alaska: standard methods and procedures.   Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-171. 1984. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station. 34p.

Rothermel, Richard C.  1983.  How to predict the spread and intensity of forest and range fires.   Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-143. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 161 p.

Schlobohm, P. and Brain, J. 2002. Gaining an Understanding of the National Fire Danger Rating System. National Wildfire Coordinating Group. PMS 932/NFES 2665.

Schroeder, Mark J. 1969. Ignition probability. U.S. Forest Service Office Report 2106-1. Fort Collins, CO: USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 27 p.